The effects of smoking are serious. It can harm nearly every organ of the body. It causes nearly one of every five deaths. What are the reasons for harmful smoking? read and know more.

Risk factor for autoimmune diseases?      

1. The immune system is the body’s way of protecting itself from infection and disease. Smoking compromises the immune system, making smokers more likely to have respiratory infections.

2. Smoking also causes several autoimmune diseases, including Cohn’s disease and rheumatoid arthritis. It may also play a role in periodic flare-ups of signs and symptoms of autoimmune diseases…

3. Smoking has recently been linked to type 2 diabetes, also known as adult-onset diabetes. Smokers are 30% to 40% more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than nonsmokers. Additionally, the more cigarettes an individual smokes, the higher the risk for diabetes[/LINK][/B].

Effects of Smoking on bones?

* Recent studies show a direct relationship between tobacco use and decreased bone density.

* Smoking is one of many factors – including weight, alcohol consumption, and activity level – that increase your risk for osteoporosis, a condition in which bones weaken and become more likely to fracture.

* Significant bone loss has been found in older women and men who smoke. Quitting smoking appears to reduce the risk for low bone mass and fractures.

* In addition, smoking from an early age puts women at even higher risk for osteoporosis. Smoking lowers the level of the hormone estrogen in your body, which can cause you to go through menopause earlier, boosting your risk for osteoporosis.

How smoking affect to your heart?

The chemicals in tobacco smoke harm your blood cells and damage the function of your heart.

* Atherosclerosis, a disease in which a waxy substance called plaque builds up in your arteries.

* Aneurysms, which are bulging blood vessels that can burst and cause death Cardiovascular disease (CVD), which includes: 

o    Coronary heart disease (CHD), narrow or blocked arteries around the heart

o    Heart attack and damage to your arteries

o    Heart-related chest pain

o    High blood pressure.

* Coronary Heart disease, where platelets – components in the blood – stick together along with proteins for form clots which can then get stuck in the plaque in the walls of arteries and cause heart attacks.

* Peripheral arterial disease (PAD), a condition in which plaque builds up in the arteries that carry blood to the head, organs, and limbs.

* Stroke, which is sudden death of brain cells caused by blood clots or bleeding.

* Breathing tobacco smoke can even change your blood chemistry and damage your blood vessels.

* Your heart rate and blood pressure go up and your blood vessels thicken and narrow.

Smoking affects my lungs and breathing?

Every cigarette you smoke damages your breathing and scars your lungs. Smoking causes:

*  Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a disease that gets worse over time and causes wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and other symptoms.

* Emphysema, a condition in which the walls between the air sacs in your lungs lose their ability to stretch and shrink back. Your lung tissue is destroyed, making it difficult or impossible to breathe.

* Chronic bronchitis, which causes swelling of the lining of your bronchial tubes. When this happens, less air flows to and from your lungs.

* Pneumonia

* Tuberculosis

*  People with asthma can suffer severe attacks when around cigarette smoke.

Smoking affects my eyes?

1. Smoking is as bad for your eyes as it is for the rest of your body.

2. Research has linked smoking to an increased risk of developing age-related macular degeneration, cataract, and optic nerve damage, all of which can lead to blindness.

Cigarettes cause cancer?

1. Tobacco smoke contains more than 7,000 chemicals. About 70 of them are known to cause cancer.

2. Smoking cigarettes is the number-one risk factor for lung cancer. But, smoking can affect your entire body, and is known to cause cancer in the:

*  Lungs
*  Trachea
* Bronchus
*  Esophagus
* Oral Cavity
*  Lip
* Nasopharynx
*  Nasal Cavity
*  Larynx
*  Stomach
* Bladder
*  Pancreas
* Kidney
* Liver
*  Uterine Cervix
*  Colon
*  Rectum

Cigars and pipes causes:

Cigar and pipe smoking causes:

Bladder cancer
Esophageal cancer
Laryngeal (voice box) cancer
Lip cancer
Lung cancer
Mouth cancer
Throat cancer
Tongue cancer
If you smoke cigars daily, you are at increased risk for developing heart disease and lung diseases such as emphysema.

Video Laryngoscopy of Left Vocal Cord Paralysis : Unilateral Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Paralysis

This video show endoscopy of larynx in old man .

He presented with complain of difficulty in swallowing & change in voice since last 1 month .

On endoscopy left vocal cord is immobile & in midline . Pooling of saliva seen in left pyriform fossa .

CT Scan show thickening & narrowing of upper esophagus with anterior displacement of trachea .

Patient will need biopsy of upper esophagus to know diagnosis .

Thanks !!!

Good Day .

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